Cornus mas, commonly known as cornelian cherry, is a deciduous shrub or small tree. Scaly, exfoliating bark develops on mature trunks. Yellow flowers on short stalks bloom in early spring before the leaves emerge in dense, showy, rounded clusters. Ovate to elliptic dark green leaves typically develop insignificant fall color. Fruits are ellipsoid, fleshy, one-seeded berries which mature to cherry red in mid-summer. Fruits are edible, although sour tasting fresh off the plant. Fruits may be used for making syrups and preserves.